Vyvanse, one of many medications used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Like most ADHD treatment medications, Vyvanse contains amphetamine, a powerful central nervous system stimulant.
According to the U. S. National Library of Medicine, Vyvanse stimulates the production of dopamine and norepinephrine chemicals in brain, which tend to be in short supply in people affected by ADHD. These effects can have adverse consequences in cases of Vyvanse abuse where a person exceeds recommended dosage levels or uses the drug for nonmedical purposes.
Since the central nervous system regulates a number of the body’s major systems, the dangers of Vyvanse abuse are many.
As a stimulant-based drug, Vyvanse speeds up central nervous system processes, one of which includes heart function. Vyvanse’s effects cause the heart to move blood throughout the body at a faster rate.
For people with heart problems, this can bring about serious consequences in the form heart attack or stroke. When taken for nonmedical purposes, Vyvanse abuse practices can bring on a heart attack or stroke at any given time, especially when taking large dosage amounts.
Along with increasing heart rates, Vyvanse’s stimulant effects cause the blood vessels throughout the body to constrict or narrow. When blood vessels constrict, the muscles are deprived of needed oxygen and nutrient materials.
Over time, Vyvanse abuse can result in persistent leg circulation problems that take the form of –
- Leg cramps
- Leg pain when walking or climbing stairs
- Tightness in the legs
- Heaviness in the legs
With ongoing drug use, a person can develop a condition known as Raynaud’s Phenomenon where reduced blood flow to the extremities occurs during times of stress or in response to cold temperatures.
Central nervous system stimulants in general take a toll on the brain’s chemical functions, which directly affects the cognitive and emotion-based centers in the brain. Vyvanse abuse wears away at the brain’s cell structures while depleting the brain of vital neurotransmitter chemicals.
After a while, someone who engages in Vyvanse abuse will start to experience psychological problems that worsen over time for as long as a person keeps abusing the drug. Psychological problems may include one or more of the following –
- Depression disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Manic episodes
- Delusional thinking
Much like the effects of cocaine and methamphetamine, Vyvanse abuse has a cumulative effect on the brain’s functional capacity. Chemical imbalances quickly form causing a physical dependency to take root.
Once chemical balances reach a certain point, Vyvanse’s effects start to influence a person’s belief systems and motivations to the point where the drug becomes the center of his or her existence.
A person’s physiological make-up, for the most part, determines how Vyvanse abuse practices will play out in his or her daily life. For some people, the risk of overdose runs higher than others. Since Vyvanse effects place a considerable strain on most every major bodily system, overdose can happen at any time for anyone.
Symptoms of overdose may include –
- Increased breathing rates
- Seizure episode
- Increased heart rates
As overdose occurs when one or more bodily systems starts to shut down, the presence of one or more of the above symptoms warrants immediate medical attention.